Senses Lab

SEnsors NetworkS and Embedded Systems Laboratory

Center for Cyber Intelligence and Information Security

CTP-WUR: The Collection Tree Protocol in Wake-up Radio WSNs for Critical Applications

Research Area: Design, evaluation and test of complete solutions for Green Wireless Sensor Networks Year: 2016
Type of Publication: In Proceedings Keywords: Wake-up receiver; Radio triggering; Selective awakening; Wireless Sensor Networks; Collection Tree Protocol
Authors: S. Basagni; Chiara Petrioli; Dora Spenza
Book title: Proceedings of IEEE ICNC 2016
Address: Kauai, Hawaii
Month: February
Abstract:
Allowing the nodes of a wireless sensor network (WSN) to turn their radio off periodically noticeably increases network lifetime. Duty cycling, however, does not eliminate idle listening, comes at the price of longer latencies and obtains lifetimes that are still insufficient for many critical applications. Using a wake-up receiver (WUR) allows actual communications on the main radio only for transmission or reception, virtually eliminating node idling. However, the range of current WUR prototypes is still significantly shorter than that of the main radio, which can challenge the use of existing WSN protocols in WUR-based networks. In this paper we present an approach to mitigate this limitation of wake-up-based networks. In particular, we show that the Collection Tree Protocol (CTP), a standard protocol for data gathering in WSNs, suitably redefined to work on WUR-endowed nodes, achieves lifetimes of several decades. This constitutes a remarkable improvement over duty cycle-based solutions, where CTP makes the network lasts only a handful of months. At the same time, our WUR-based approach obtains data latencies comparable to those obtained by keeping the main radio always on.
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